In an endeavour to prepare a generation of skilled employees and leaders in alignment with the modern day market demands, Skill India was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2015.
Skill India, launched to train over 40 crore citizens with different industry relevant skills by 2022, is to be implemented through a streamlined institutional mechanism driven by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
One of the three tiers is a Governing Council for policy guidance at apex level, another one is Steering Committee and the third one is Mission Directorate as the executive arm of the Mission. Mission Directorate is supported by three other institutions to facilitate smooth functioning of Skill India MIssion: National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), and Directorate General of Training (DGT).
Under Skill India, the Government has taken following initiatives to support every section of Indian youth.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY): This is the flagship Skill Certification Scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The scheme was launched with an objective to train a large number of Indian youth in industry-relevant skills. The skill training will help to secure better livelihoods. Youth already trained in any skill are also supposed to be supported under PMKVY. Individuals with prior skill training and work experience will be assessed based on their skills and India Mission also supposed to serve the experience in the relevant field by assessing their skills and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) Project: SANKALP, supported by the World Bank is an outcome oriented project lunched with an aim to implement the mandate of the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM).
SANKAP is also supposed to strengthen institutional mechanisms at both national and state levels. Along with this, the project also aims to build a pool of good quality skill trainers and assessors and to create convergence among all skill training activities at the state level.
The project will focus on the overall skilling ecosystem covering both Central (MSDE, NSDA and NSDC) and State agencies.
UDAAN is launched as a special industry initiative for Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) under Skill India Mission for which the Ministry of Home Affairs partnered with various Indian corporate. National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) will be the implementing agency for the project. Under the programme, skills training will be provided to youth of J&K along with enhancing their employability. The Scheme covers graduates, post graduates and three year engineering diploma holders.